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HUSK1 - Minerals and vineyards: Tokaj Mts. (Hungary) and Slanské vrchy Mts. (Slovakia)

Leaders: Ferenc Molnár (Eötvös L. University, Budapest, molnar@abyss.elte.hu), Stanislav Jeleň (Geological Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Banská Bystrica)

Practical information:

  • Duration: 3 days
  • Pre-conference: 19.08.2010 Budapest (HU) - 21.08.2010 Budapest (HU)
  • Length: 950 km
  • Min. number of participants: 5
  • Max. number of participants:35
  • Field trip registration fee
    • Student/young scientist: EUR 40
    • Normal: EUR 80
  • Accommodation and meals cost: EUR 120
  • Demands: No physical demands except for occasional climbing onto hills on paths. Light field gear with good boots is recommended, plus warm overcoat for underground programmes, including cellars.
  • Means of transport: bus / van
  • Accommodation: Double room
    (for single possibilities contact Robert Hohol)
Full technical details in PDF format
Detailed itinerary in PDF format
Photo: Precious opal, Červenica-Dubník (SK)
Precious opal, Červenica-Dubník (SK)


Scientific focus (keywords): rhyolite; perlite deposits; obsidian ("marekanite"); dacite; illite deposits; precious opal deposits; zeolite deposits; low-sulphidation epithermal systems; mineralogical exhibitions; viticulture / viniculture

Photo: Sweet drops of Tokaj Mts. (HU) The field trip covers an area which locates in the heart of the Tertiary-Quaternary intermediate-acidic volcanic arc of the Carpathians. The volcanic landscapes of the Tokaj Mts. and Slanské vrchy Mts. units are built up by medium to high K calk-alkaline volcanic rocks from basaltic andesite to rhyolite of 10-13 Ma age. The area is unique by the occurrence of voluminous acidic rocks and the trip targets the perlite quarry at Pálháza which nicely exposes a rhyolitic cryptodome-dome complex and related pyroclastic flows. In the quarry at Erdőbénye, a complete section of a dacitic laccolith rich in mineral-bearing vugs will also be visited. Exposures of ignimbrite will be presented at several localities with obsidian at Stredá nad Bodrogom and clinoptilolite-mordenite mineralization near Mád. Volcanism was associated with intense hydrothernal activity and due to the relatively low erosion level of the area, shallow levels of low sulphidation type epithermal systems are also preserved. Shallow zones of those systems are the paleo-hotspring fed lacustrine silica deposits, and steam-heated alteration zones with alunite and kaolinite in the area of Mád. Hydrothermal activity also produced a high quality illite deposit which will be visited underground at Füzérradvány. One of the merit of the trip is the only precious opal deposit in Europe at Dubník near Červenica. The trip also aims to introduce the cultural heritage of the area by sightseeing tours in Sárospatak and Košice and a true renaissance style dinner in the old castle at Sárospatak. The area is the homeland of the Tokaj wine and participants will get a good training to recognize varieties of this famous wine by visits to cellars. Those visits will also be supported by traditional Hungarian and Slovakian dinners.
Sweet drops of Tokaj Mts. (HU)


Daily programme:

Day 1 (19 Aug): Budapest - Sátoraljaújhely: lunch, introduction to the geology and mineral deposits of the Tokaj Mts. - Pálháza: rhyolite cryptodome-perlite - Füzérradvány: illite (underground) - Sárospatak: Rákóczi castle, Renaissance style dinner with wine tasting - Sátoraljaújhely: accommodation

Day 2 (20 Aug): Sátoraljaújhely - Červenica (Slanské vrchy Mts., SK): the Dubník-Libanka precious opal deposit - Herľany (SK): (1) geyser,  (2) opal occurence - Streda nad Bodrogom (SK): volcanic tuffs, obsidian (marekanite) - Viničky (SK): cellar visit, underground parts of an extrusive rhyolite dome, dinner - Sárospatak: accommodation

Day 3 (21 Aug): Sárospatak - Mád, Király Hill: (1) kaolinite with alunite in ignimbrite, (2) zeolitic tuff of the Suba quarry - Mád, Kerektölgyes: silica and clay deposits in a hot-spring fed lacustrine basin - Erdőbénye: pyroxene dacite laccolith - Erdőbénye, Béres Winery: example of a Tokaj terroir and its wine: the Lőcse terroir - Budapest: arrival in the evening

On-line registration >>


Map of the field trip with the key locations:


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