RO1 - Ore deposits and other classic localities in the Eastern Carpathians: From metamorphics to volcanics

Leaders: Ovidiu Gabriel Iancu (University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza", Iaşi, ogiancu@uaic.ro), Marinel Kovacs (North University of Baia Mare)

Practical information:
  • Duration: 5 (6) days
  • Pre-conference: 16.08.2010 Budapest (HU) - 21.08.2010 Budapest (HU)
  • Length: 1500 km
  • Min. number of participants: 5
  • Max. number of participants: 20
  • Field trip registration fee
    • Student/young scientist: EUR 70
    • Normal: EUR 150
  • Accommodation and meals cost: EUR 150
  • Demands of the trip: Good physical condition, moderate level difficulty for walks or climbing
  • Means of transport: bus / van
  • Accommodation: Double room
    (for single possibilities contact Robert Hohol)
    2 nights in 3 stars hotels, 3 nights in 2 stars hotels, single rooms are available for the 1-1 nights in Baia Mare and Tihuţa
Full technical details in PDF format
Detailed itinerary in PDF format
Photo: Realgar and barite from Cavnic (RO)
Realgar and barite from Baia Sprie (RO)


Scientific focus (keywords): ore deposits; ore mineralogy; igenous petrology; metamorphic petrology; hydrothermal precious and base metal deposits; sulphur deposit; manganese deposits; Neogene volcanics; Paleozoic crystalline rocks; Mesozoic magmatics; Ditrău Massif, mineralogical exhibitions, medieval monuments

Photo: Surdeşti Wooden Church - 18th century (RO)

With stops in the Eastern Carpathians, the program includes the Baia Mare Neogene epithermal district, located in the central - eastern part of the Carpathian belt, one of Europe's major metallogenic provinces, the Crystalline-Mesozoic Zone, built up of basement shearing nappes (the Bucovinian Nappe, the Subbucovinian Nappe and the Infrabucovinian nappes), each of them showing large developed metamorphic formations covered by a Mesozoic or Permo-Mesozoic sedimentary envelope, the Călimani mountains which represent the largest and most complex volcanic structure at the northern part of the Călimani-Gurghiu-Harghita volcanic chain and the Ditrău Alkaline Massif, a large alkaline igneous complex generated in an extensional environment associated with a rifted continental margin, composed by a wide range of cogenetic alkaline rocks, ranging from ultramafic rocks (including kaersutite peridotite), through alkali gabbroic and intermediate compositions to syenites, alkali granites and nepheline syenites. Some important outcrops will be: Laleaua Albă quarry - Neogene igneous complex, Dealul Minei open pit - Baia Sprie base metal and silver-gold epithermal ore deposit, Mănăila quarry (metamorphosed base metal deposit), former Negoiul Românesc "Sulphur" quarry, Ulm quarry (metamorphosed Mn deposit), former Borsec travertine quarry, former Jolotca quarry (diorites, red syenites), former Ditrău quarry (alkaline syenites with potassic feldspar, nepheline, albite, aegirine, biotite, amphibole, titanite, cancrinite, sodalite, and analcime), Voşlobeni quarry (metamorphosed dolomites with large tremolite crystals). Two of the most representative mineralogical museums in Europe - Baia Mare Mineralogical Museum and the Mineralogical Museum of the "Babeş-Bolyai" University, Cluj-Napoca and four monuments from the UNESCO world heritage list are also included in the excursion: Surdeşti Wooden Church - 18th century, Moldoviţa Monastery - 16th century, Voroneţ Monastery - 15th century and Humorului Monastery - 16th century.

Surdeşti Wooden Church - 18th century (RO)


Daily programme:

(Day 1, 16 Aug): Budapest - Baia Mare: accommodation (Rivulus Hotel) - Surdeşti: Surdeşti Church (18th century, UNESCO World Heritage Site) - Baia Mare: Mineralogical Museum; visit of the old town; dinner (Şuior touristic resort )

(Day 2, 17 Aug): Baia MareBaia Sprie, Dealul Minei open pit (Field stop 1, including 45+45 minutes walk from and back to the mine office): Base metal and silver-gold ore -  Laleaua Albă quarry (Field stop 2, Neogene igneous complex of dacitic and andesitic rocks with magma mixing and mingling origin) - lunch break - Piatra Fântânele (Tihuţa Pass): accommodation (Hotel Dracula's Castle), dinner

(Day 3, 18 Aug): Piatra Fântânele (Tihuţa Pass): - Vatra Dornei, Mănăila quarry (Field stop 3): metamorphosed base metal deposit: pyrite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, galena, tetrahedrite, covelline, bornite, native gold - Vatra Dornei: lunch - Negoiul Românesc, "Sulphur" quarry (Field stop 4: pyroxene andesite lava/pyroclastics alternations with intense hydrothermal alteration, breccia bodies - Ulm quarry (Field stop 5): metamorphosed Mn deposit (Fe-bearing rhodochrosite, Mn-bearing amphibole, spessartine, stilpnomelane, rhodonite, pyroxmangite and tephroite) - Dorna Arini Monastery: accommodation, dinner

(Day 4, 19 Aug): Dorna Arini - Moldoviţa Monastery (16th century; UNESCO World Heritage Site; the painting "The Virgin and the Infant" at the entrance of the naos is considered the most sensitive plastic image of maternity in the mediaeval painting of Romania) - Voroneţ Monastery (15th century; UNESCO World Heritage Site; the church is considered "The Sistine Chapel of the Orient" for the great fresco covering the whole western wall: the Last Judgement) - Humorului Monastery (16th century; UNESCO World Heritage Site) - Ostra - Broşteni - Grinţieş: lunch - Tulgheş Borsec, former travertine quarry (Field stop 6, includes 1000 m walk on a mild slope) - Jolotca, former Jolotca quarry (Ditrău Massif, Field stop 7): diorites, red syenites - Ditrău, former Ditrău quarry (Ditrău Massif, Field stop 8): alkaline syenites with potassic feldspar, nepheline, albite, aegirine, biotite, amphibole, titanite, cancrinite, sodalite, and analcime; outcrop (Field stop 9): essexites and syenites - Gheorgheni: accommodation

(Day 5, 20 Aug): Gheorgheni, "Tarisznyás Márton" Museum: exhibition of the mineralogical collection of Gyula Jakab - Voşlobeni, Voşlobeni quarry (Field stop 10): metamorphosed dolomite with large tremolite crystals - Sovata - Târgu Mureş - Cluj-Napoca: Mineralogical Museum of the "Babeş-Bolyai" University; walking tour in the town; accommodation ("Babeş-Bolyai" University Hotel)

(Day 6, 21 Aug): Cluj-Napoca - Oradea: brief stop - Borş - Budapest

On-line registration >>

Photo: Negoiul Românesc sulphur quarry (RO)
Negoiul Românesc sulphur quarry (RO)


Map of the field trip with the key locations:


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