SK3 - Classic localities in the Central Slovakian Volcanic Field: Gold, silver and base metal mineralizations and mining history at Banská Štiavnica and Kremnica

Leader: Peter Koděra (Comenius University, Bratislava, kodera@fns.uniba.sk), Jaroslav Lexa (Geological Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava)

Practical information:
  • Duration: 2 days
  • Post-conference: 28.08.2010 Budapest (HU) - 29.08.2010 Budapest (HU)
  • Length: 400 km
  • Min. number of participants: 5
  • Max. number of participants: 40
  • Field trip registration fee
    • Student/young scientist: EUR 30
    • Normal: EUR 60
  • Accommodation and meals cost: EUR 55
  • Demands: Degree of physical demand is low to medium. Weather: warm (20–30 °C), rain possible; mines and caves: ~10–15 °C.
  • Means of transport: bus / van
  • Accommodation: Double room
    (for single possibilities contact Robert Hohol)
Full technical details in PDF format
Detailed itinerary in PDF format
Photo: Native silver, Banská Štiavnica (SK)
Native silver, Banská Štiavnica (SK)


Scientific focus (keywords): ore deposits; hydrothermal precious and base metal deposits; Au, Ag, Cu, Pb, Zn minerals; volcanic petrology; mineralogical exhibitions; history of mining education; mining heritage; medieval monuments

Photo: Kremnica town (SK) The gold, silver and base metal deposits in the Banská Štiavnica and Kremnica area (Central Slovakia) belong to the famous classical mining regions of the world. The volcanic-hosted hydrothermal veins of the Banská Štiavnica-Hodruša and Kremnica deposits were an important source of Ag and Au for many centuries. Silver sulphides, native gold and silver, galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, barite, scepter quartz and amethyst crystals from these localities are notable, hodrushite was firstly described from the Hodruša mine. A model of the genetic evolution of the Banská Štiavnica and Kremnica stratovolcanoes and related hydrothermal mineralizations will be demonstrated. One of the world's oldest higher education institutes in mining and geology, once known as Schemnitz or Selmec Academy, was founded at Banská Štiavnica. The town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its wealth of gothic to baroque buildings and mining technical monuments. Mineral and mining museums and one of the oldest active mints in the world (Kremnica, since 1328) will also be visited during the trip.
Kremnica town (SK)


Daily programme:

Day 1 (28 Aug): Budapest: departure in the morning - Šahy - Banská Štiavnica: lunch, explanation of geology and metallogeny of the Štiavnica stratovolcano - Banská Hodruša: underground visit to medieval works on the All Saints epithermal Ag-Au vein, open pit (medieval excavations) on the Špitaler epithermal base and precious metal vein - Banská Štiavnica: dinner, discussion, accommodation

Day 2 (29 Aug): Banská Štiavnica: visit to the mineralogical museum - Kremnica: Šturec open pit epithermal gold vein mineralization, lunch, visit of historical town, mint museum and castle; alternatively visit to underground mining museum at Šturec (Andrej adit) - Šahy - Budapest: arrival in the evening

On-line registration >>

Photo: Hodrushite, Hodruša-Hámre (SK)
Hodrushite, Hodruša-Hámre (SK)


Map of the field trip with the key locations (or download Kml file for Google Earth):


View SK3 Classic localities in the Central Slovakian Volcanic Field: Gold, silver and base metal mineralizations and mining history at Banská Štiavnica and Kremnica in a larger map