PL1 - Mineral deposits of the Fore-Carpathian region and weathering processes of monuments in polluted atmosphere in Kraków (SW Poland)

Leaders: Marek Michalik (Jagiellonian University, Kraków, marek.michalik@uj.edu.pl), Wanda Wilczyńska-Michalik (Pedagogical Academy, Kraków), Andrzej Ślączka (Jagiellonian University, Kraków), Harry Kucha (AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków)

Practical information:
  • Duration: 4 days
  • Post-conference: 28.08.2010 Budapest (HU) / Kraków (PL) - 31.08.2010 Kraków (PL) / Budapest (HU)
  • Length: 650 km (1050 km if riding back to Budapest)
  • Min. number of participants: 5
  • Max. number of participants: 14
  • Field trip registration fee
    • Student/young scientist: EUR 75
    • Normal: EUR 150
  • Accommodation and meals cost: EUR 150
  • Demands: Physical demands are low to moderate (visits to underground mines). Normal field trip equipment is recommended.
  • Means of transport: bus / van
  • Accommodation: Double room
    (for single possibilities contact Robert Hohol
Full technical details in PDF format
Detailed itinerary in PDF format
Photo: complex sulphide mineralization overgrowing dolomite clast (white) replaced first by smithsonite-siderite solid solution series (smith-sid), then replaced by ZnS (ZnS after smith), and subsequently overgrown by Fe-sphalerite (black), bleched banded sphalerite (various shades of yellow to brown), pyrite-oxysulphides, and marcasite (m), Pomorzany mine
Complex sulphide mineralization overgrowing dolomite clast, Pomorzany mine (PL)


Scientific focus (keywords): geology of Kraków area; monuments of Kraków; weathering of building stones; atmospheric pollution; Carpathian Foredeep; Miocene salt deposits; Wieliczka Salt Mine; mining heritage; carbonate-hosted MVT zinc-lead deposits; ore mineralogy; mineralogy of waste dumps

Photo: Chapel of St. Anthony excavated within a redeposited salt block at the end of 17th century, Wieliczka Salt Mine (PL) During the first day trip from Budapest to Krakow a section will be seen through the Carpathians. The second day will be focused on deterioration of monuments in Krakow (included in the UNESCO World Heritage list) caused by high concentration of atmospheric pollution. We will observe weathering processes of various rocks in the historical city centre and in outcrops in suburbs. The third day starts with a visit to the Wieliczka Salt Mine (included in the UNESCO World Heritage list) founded more than 700 years ago. Salt rocks occur in a narrow, folded part of the Carpathians Foredeep. Part of the salt layers shows sedimentary structures unique in the world, i.e. halite layers formed from redeposition by gravity mass movements. After visit to the Salt Mine geology of the environs of Kraków will be presented. Next day the Upper Silesian Zn-Pb mineralization hosted by dolomites, mainly within the upper sections of the Lower Muschelkalk, less in Roethian and in Devonian will be presented. Ore minerals are represented by sphalerite, galena, pyrite, marcasite and Fe, Pb, As (Tl) oxysulphides, Zn-bearing dolomite, and members of the ZnCO3-FeCO3 solid solution series. Ore textures are laminations, disseminations, cockades, sulphide stalactites and sulphide replacements of the host dolomites and porosity fillings. Slags on damps contain Mg, Ca, Fe, Mn and Zn pyroxenes, spinels, FeO, MgO, carbides, silicides, sulphides, and metallic Fe, Pb, and Hume-Rothery compounds.
Chapel of St. Anthony excavated within a redeposited salt block at the end of 17th century, Wieliczka Salt Mine (PL)


Daily programme:

Day 1 (28 Aug): Budapest - Kraków: lunch in restaurant, accommodation (~ 400 km)

Day 2 (29 Aug): Kraków: presentation of the Kraków monuments and weathering processes of building stones (walking tour); historical centre, lunch in restaurant; Wawel Royal Castle, building materials and their conservation; rock outcrops in suburbs; return to accommodation (~ 60 km)

Day 3 (30 Aug): Kraków - Wieliczka: visit to the historical part of the salt mine and geological route, lunch (restaurant) - Krzeszowice : geology of the environs of Kraków, visit to old quarries of Devonian and Jurassic limestones (important building stones in Kraków) - Kraków: return to accommodation (~ 100 km)

Day 4 (31 Aug): Kraków - Olkusz: Pomorzany Zn-Pb mine, lunch in restaurant, Zn-Pb mining & smelting dumps - ending: Kraków (~ 90 km) [travel back to Budapest, included]

On-line registration >>

Photo: Oscillatory micro-banding composed by monosulphides ( S valence -2; galena white, sphalerite grey), di-sulphides  (S valence -1, pyrite white, melnikovite various shades of grey), thiosulphates of Fe, Zn and Pb ( average valence +2; light grey), subsulphides of Fe, Zn and Pb (S valence +3, light grey), sulphides of Fe, Zn and Pb (S valence +4, grey), and sulphates of Fe, Zn and Pb (S valence +6, dark grey); reflected light, scale bar 150μm, Orzel Bialy mine (PL)
Oscillatory micro-banding composed by monosulphides ( S valence -2; galena white, sphalerite grey), di-sulphides  (S valence -1, pyrite white, melnikovite various shades of grey), thiosulphates of Fe, Zn and Pb ( average valence +2; light grey), subsulphides of Fe, Zn and Pb (S valence +3, light grey), sulphides of Fe, Zn and Pb (S valence +4, grey), and sulphates of Fe, Zn and Pb (S valence +6, dark grey); reflected light, scale bar 150 μm; Orzel Bialy mine (PL)


Map of the field trip with the key locations (or download Kml file for Google Earth):


View PL1 Mineral deposits of the Fore-Carpathian region and weathering processes of monuments in polluted atmosphere in Kraków (SW Poland) in a larger map